Friday, September 23, 2011

On Information - Definition

With the growth and development of the scientific, technical and technological work, there have been localized and signalized sequences of coexistent conceptual systems, organized, articulated, distributed and circulated around the problems that are specific of each epoch and that configurate webs of theoretical/empirical statements, constituents of the domains of discourse and of memory, in which it is related what was learnt, what was seen, what is deduced or induced, what is admitted as probable, true or valid and what is postulated.

The techniques and technologies with which we, currently, work and (co)exist are a consequence of the human labor applied to science and technique.

Presently, and borrowing some words of Pierre Lévy (2000), we participate in the silent explosion of the hypercortex infinitely reticulated of the World Wide Web, dynamically configured as a new workspace, interpreted from two fundamental notions: the notion of knowledge and the notion of information, with root in the Latin informatio, from the verb informo with the meaning of: action of forming, representing, sketching, planning... .

This term arose, in the 13th Century, designating the set of acts susceptible to establish the proof of an infraction and of revealing its authors, in the course of the preliminary instruction of a process. Later on, information came to be defined as designator of events or of facts that are given to know to someone, individual or collective.

From the 20th Century, information acquired new semantic contents, through its usage, by some disciplinary areas. Thus, in Biology, it designates the set of elements that a living being receives in permanence, through its own organism or through its ecosystem, making part of the exchanges of energy and matter that allow for the maintenance of its structure and that impede its disaggregation.

Later on, Systems Theory approached and developed, in terms of epistemological framework, the notion of information as an equivalence to the mathematical measure of probability of an event, to occur, in the set of possible events. The quantity of information is defined, in Information Theory, in terms of an entropy measure.

At the root of Information Theory, there were the concerns, by part of the Bell society, to encounter a means of transmission of messages that would be, simultaneously, more economic and safer, thus aimed at a theoretical construction of a system of communications to a practical application in which a transmitter could transmit, through a certain channel, a message to a receiver.

The adaptive flexibility, linked to the development of the concept of information in its theoretical/practical use, agilized its application to all the disciplinary areas, making indispensible its usage as a fundamental scientific criterion of any statement.

In ontological terms: the information is not fact, is not act, is not thing, is not entity, is not place, has no topos that is proper to it,..., the information is a systemic dynamics towards the fact, towards the act, towards the thing, towards the entity, towards the place, towards the topos... .

Currently, and ever more, by way of the technological developments, linked to the expansion of the Internet, the information flows reticularly through self-referent polissemic planetary webs, crossing over local/global strategic arbitria of power radiculated in hybrid intentionalities of obsolete arbitrariness, perceived by syntheses of cognitive presentiment of metaphysical root of fundament, linked to the vital impulse of survival of search for causes, search for reasons of existence, of life, of search for reasons of legitimacy, reasons of dignity.

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